- Has nearly 78,000 farms and $42 billion in annual revenue – about 12% of the U.S. total.
- Is responsible for about 16% of national cash receipts for crops and 7% of U.S. revenue for livestock and livestock products.
- Includes “more than 400 commodities,” and produces “nearly half of the fruits, nuts, and vegetables grown in the United States.
- Export revenue reached $18 billion as recently as 2012, up from $6.5 billion the previous decade.5
- $1 billion in agricultural exports supports roughly 8,400 jobs.
- “Applied” water use by category:
• Urban: 10%
• Irrigated Agriculture: 41%
• Managed Wetlands: 2%
• Required Delta Outflow: 6.5%
• Instream Flow: 8.5%
• Wild & Scenic Rivers: 31%
- Lettuce, tomatoes, strawberries, cucumbers, and many other fruits and vegetables are made of 90% water or more.
- “Inflation-adjusted gross revenue for California agriculture increased about 88 percent between 1967 and 2010, from $19.9 billion to $37.5 billion.”
- Total applied water use to crops in California was reduced by 20% between 1967-2010, from 31.2 million acre-feet (MAF) to 24.9 MAF.”
- “Economic efficiency” of irrigation water more than doubled in the last half century, as prices for water increased. For example, prices increased from $638 per acre-foot in 1967 to $1,506 per acre-foot in 2010.
- In an average year (pre-drought), agriculture would irrigate about 9.6 million acres with 34 Million Acre-Foot of water, or about one-third of the available surface water supplies.
- Between 1970 and 2010, low-volume techniques were used to irrigate nearly 3 million acres and the use of gravity irrigation fell
- Low volume irrigation techniques can achieve an efficiency rate of between 80% and 90%.
- In 1991 gravity irrigation (furrow or flood) was used by 67% of farmers. By 2011 that number fell to 43%.
- The Agricultural Water Management Council (AWMC) has so far united 7814 “agricultural water suppliers and 4 environmental organizations
committed to implementing efficient groundwater management plans.
Reposted from August 20, 2014 Facebook Post.