The Census was used to track jobs over time, from 1978 to 2014. The resulting map is intriguing.
“Fewer and fewer farmers: Our map shows the tail end of a century-long trend. Farming technology (everything from tiny seeds to giant harvesters) keeps getting better, which means fewer and fewer people can grow more and more food.”
NPR. Map: The Most Common* Job In Every State. February 5, 2015. https://www.npr.org/sections/money/2015/02/05/382664837/map-the-most-common-job-in-every-state
In the December 2014 edition of Rangelands, researchers explored demographic trends of farm and ranch operators concentrating on Wyoming.
Growing Produce summarized this project: “… the authors forecast a bleak farming future: no operators younger than 35 by 2033 and an average age of 60 by 2050. Even if their children and grandchildren show interest in agriculture, farmers often cannot afford to keep their land and equipment. They “retire” and sell — often to residential or commercial developers. The authors state that the trends in Wyoming are occurring throughout the U.S.”
Rangelands reported the project findings:
- Census records indicate that Wyoming’s agricultural community is aging.
- There are risks associated with loss of local knowledge, loss of tradition and loss of investment that stem from a deep-rooted sense of place.
- Fundamental challenges exist to incentivize young agriculturalists to replace those in retirement age.
- Solutions? Finding young farmers and ranchers might be accomplished through shifts in education, public policy, economic incentives, or through targeted cultivation of personal connections to the land.
Glick, Henry B. et al. Wyoming’s Aging Agricultural Landscape: Demographic Trends among Farm And Ranch Operators, 1920-2007. Rangelands. Volume 35. Issue 6. December 2014. Pages 7-14. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0190052814500922
There’s a national shortage of young agricultural professionals, according to a 2014 Report by the STEM Food and Ag Council. The report which calls for industries and universities to work together to address the gap.
- Twenty-five percent of [agricultural] workers are the age of 55 or older, which means job opportunities will grow through workforce attrition.
- Analysis projects a 4.9% growth in employment opportunities in the next five years, adding 33,100 new jobs in advanced agriculture fields.
The report, released at the World Food Prize Borlaug Dialogue, includes a detailed analysis of enrollment and workforce trends in six agriculture fields:
- Agricultural Business and Management,
- Agriculture Mechanization and Engineering,
- Animal Sciences,
- Plant and Soil Science,
- Food Science and Technology, and
- Other life sciences.
The STEM Food & Ag Council report found that career opportunities in the food and agriculture industries for the next generation will be significant
Reposted from October 23, 2014, Facebook post
- The USDA Reported:
- Only 22% of all farmers in the U.S. are “beginning farmers” (farming for < 10 years)
- Only 6% of farmers are under the age of 35
- 33% of farmers are 65 or older
- The U.S. Census of Ag Reported:
- The U.S. had 2.1 million farms.
- < 4.3 % from the 2007 Census.
- There is an overall downward trend in mid-sized farms, while the smallest and largest-size farms held steady.
- Between 2007 and 2012, the amount of land in U.S. farms declined from 922 million acres to 915 million. (<1%).