Agri-Stats: Lemons

Lemons are of mysterious origin, perhaps from Southern India, northern Burma, or China. They are genetically considered to be a hybrid between sour orange and citron.


  • The word “lemon” draws from the Old French “limon”, from the Italian “limone”, from the Arabic “laymūn or līmūn”, and from the Persian “līmūn”. a generic term for the fruit of this kind.
  • 100 A.D. Entered Europe near southern Italy, during the  Roman empire.
  • 700 A.D. Were later introduced to MIddle East.
  • 10th century A.D. Were first mentioned in an Arabic treatise on farming.
  • 1000 and 1150 A.D. Became widely distributed throughout the  Mediterranean region.
  • 1420–1421 A.D. The first use of the English word “lemon” was in a Middle English customs document and may be Middle Eastern in origin.


  • 90% of today’s U.S. lemons are produced in California. 
  • About 1,200 acres of Lemons are produced in the Salinas Valley with a  2017 Gross Revenue for Lemons was $38,646,000.
  • They are located on west side of the Salinas Valley on the east facing slope of the Santa Lucia Mountains. 

Books and References


Monterey County 2017 Crop Report. Monterey County Agricultural Commissioner’s Office.