San Carlo Borromeo de Carmelo

  • “The Mission San Carlos de Borromeo and the Presidio of Monterey were founded on the same day, June 3, 1770. In June, 1771, the site of the mission was moved to the Carmel River. This was done by Father serra to remove the neophytes fro the contaminating influence of the soldiers at the presidio. The erection of the stone church still standing was begun in 1793. It was completed and dedicated in 1797. The largest neophyte population at [the Carmel Mission] was reached in 1794, when it numbered 971. Begtween 1800 and 110, it declined to 747. In 1820, the population had decreaed to 381 and at the end of the next decade, it had fakllen to t08. In 1834, when the decreee of seculatization was put in force, there were abotu 150 neophytes at the mission. At the rate of decrease under mission rule, a few more years would have produced the same result that secularization did, namely, the extinction of the mission Indian.