Food History: Pie – Part 2

Thinking about Pie today…

What is a pie?

The pies we know today are a fairly recent addition to a history that goes back as long as mankind has had the dough to bake into a crust and stuff to put inside it. The purpose of a pastry shell was mainly to serve as a baking dish, storage container, and serving vessel, and in the past, these were often too hard to actually eat.

For hundreds of years, a pie was the only form of a baking container used, meaning everything was a pie.
Reposted from a Nov 24, 2016, 4:49 pm Facebook Post

Food History: Pie – Part 1

Thinking about pie today…

History of Pies

“Men may come and men may go…but Pie goes on forever.” ~ George Augustus Sala

Egyptian Pies
• Some early Egyptian pies were sometimes made in “reeds” which were used for the sole purpose of holding the filling and not for eating with the filling.
• 9500 B.C. – The origins of pie can loosely be traced back to approximately 9500 BC. These pie-like treats were made with oat, wheat, rye, and barley vessels, which were filled with honey and baked over hot coals.
• 1304 to 1237 B.C. – Bakers began to incorporated nuts, honey, and fruits in bread dough, a primitive form of pastry. Drawings of this can be found in the Valley of the Kings etched on the tomb walls of Ramses II, who was the third pharaoh in the 19th dynasty (1304 to 1237 B.C.)

Greek Pies
• Historians trace pie’s initial origins to the Greeks, who made a pastry shell by combining water and flour. The Greeks began the tradition of “galettes”, which is a free form pastry wrapped around a meat filling that served to cook the meat and seal in the juices.

Roman Pies
The Romans, sampling the Greek delicacy, carried home recipes. Romans used various types of meat in every course of the meal, including the dessert course (secundae mensea). According to historical records, oysters, mussels, lampreys, and other meats and fish were normal in Roman puddings. It is thought that the puddings were a lot like pies
160 B.C. – The Roman statesman, Marcus Porcius Cato (234-149 B.C.), also known as Cato the Elder, wrote a treatise on agriculture called De Agricultura. He loved delicacies and recorded a recipe for a popular cheesecake-like pie/cake called Placenta, which was baked on a pastry base, or sometimes inside a pastry case. Pies were also called libum by the Romans and were primarily used as an offering to their gods.
• The delights of the pie spread throughout Europe, via the Roman roads, where every country adapted the recipes to their customs and foods. The first pie recipe was published by the Romans and was for a rye-crusted goat cheese and honey pie.

Reposted from Nov 24, 2016, 4:49 pm Facebook post